News November 2019
Index
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Tuesday, November 19 2019
Topics & News
Canada > Moncton's Weather  > at  6:00 am it is 3°C / 37°F, periods of rain changing to a few flurries this afternoon. // forecasting for this afternoon will be 2°C / 36°F -  periods of rain or snow
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Books >  "A Warning" is on sale today > Hachette has printed 500,000 copies of "A Warning," which went on sale Tuesday morning. Hachette's Twelve imprint is anticipating intense demand. The book has been near the top of Amazon's best seller list for several weeks at this point. Reviewers have been critical -- both of the author's decision to stay anonymous and of the content of the book. But I suspect the book's target audience is still intrigued. //  >> For more, check out WaPo reviewer Carlos Lozada's Twitter thread on "what the book seems to reveal about the possible identity of the author . . . "
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Books > "Becoming: A Guided Journal for Discovering Your Voice" by Michelle Obama is out today. > What's your journey of becoming? Based on Michelle Obama’'s bestselling memoir, this gorgeous journal features an intimate and inspiing introduction by the former First Lady and more than 150 inspiring questions and quotes to help you discover--and rediscover--your story.
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Monday, November 18 2019
Topics & News
Canada > Moncton's Weather  > at  5:00 am it is minus 08°C / 18°F, mainly clear // forecasting for this afternoon will be 4°C / 39°F -  overcast with 60% chance of rain (total rainfall 8.3 mm / 0.33 inches)
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Disney > Mickey Mouse made his official film debut on November 18, 1928, in the film “Steamboat Willie,” and has since become a famous face at Disney Parks around the world. > Article--  see it on Disney +
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Vehicles > Ford > Ford unveiled a high-performance electric SUV, the Mustang Mach-E, ahead of the Los Angeles  Auto Show, a sign of its new approach to electrification, reports Axios' Joann Muller. / Why it matters > Instead of building econo-boxes no one wants, Ford says its strategy going forward is to "play to its strengths" by adding electric powertrains to its best-selling vehicles, including the Mustang, F-150 pickup and its extensive lineup of SUVs and commercial vans.
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Saturday & Sunday, November 16 and 17 2019
Topics & News
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Italy > Acqua alta > The lagoon city was battered by a new high tide of five feet today, flooding more than 80% of the city, reports the BBC. // The Grand Canal's water was level with sidewalks across the city. > Note: Acqua alta, Italian: [ˈakkwa ˈalta] ( listen); lit. "high water") is the term used in Veneto for the exceptional tide peaks that occur periodically in the northern Adriatic Sea.
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Star Wars > "Star Wars Jedi: Fallen Order," focused on the last surviving Jedi Knight, hits video game consoles today, per Reuters. // Electronic Arts "expects to sell 6 million to 8 million units" of what is considered the "biggest single-player focused game" in the holiday season. // It'll be boosted by the releases of "The Mandalorian," a TV series based in the Star Wars universe from new streaming service Disney+, and "Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker," the ninth film in the popular series.
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Friday, November 15 2019
Topics & News
Canada > Moncton's Weather  > at  5:00 am it is  3°C / 37°F, mostly cloudy // forecasting for this afternoon will be 7°C / 45°F -  periods of rain
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USA > Puerto Rico > Urbanism > Earlier this week the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) gave Puerto Rico's overall infrastructure -- comprising roads, dams, drinking water, the power grid and more -- a near-failing grade of "D minus" in the civil-engineering group's first such assessment of the country. Two years after hurricanes Irma and Maria ravaged the island, causing almost $150bn (Euros135bn) in damage, the top priority is to repair the power grid; ASCE gave that an "F". Governor Wanda Vázquez Garced has unveiled a $20bn (Euros 18bn) plan to modernise Puerto Rico's power network over the course of 10 years -- but that might not be enough. Without substantial federal aid, which the US has been slow to send, the state's weak infrastructure will not only have to put up with ongoing blackouts but will also struggle to withstand the effects of future disasters.
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Thursday, November 14 2019
Topics & News
Canada > Moncton's Weather  > at  5:00 am it is minus 10°C / 15°F, mainly clear. Wind chill minus 17°C / 3°F this morning. / forecasting for this afternoon will be minus 4°C / 27°F -  a mix of sun and cloud
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FaceBook > 5.4 billion > The number of fake accounts Facebook has shut down so far this year. That's compared to roughly 3.3 billion fake accounts removed in all of 2018.
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Family Life > New study hints that women feel like they don't have enough control of the thermostat / Blankets and slippers aren't enough. They just want to be warm! > Aticle
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Italy > Caught in the undertow > In 2014, Italian art historian Salvatore Settis published a book called Se Venezia Muore (If Venice Dies). It's an eye-opening read about cities and the causes of their demise. Settis wrote that cities die for one of three reasons: after being destroyed by enemies, forcefully occupied (and demoted) by an invading power or forgetting their past. Venice's evolution in the past few years -- overflowing with tourists, rocked by the passage of huge cruise ships, drowning in increasingly frequent floods -- appears to be placing it in the final category. // This week's floods -- the worst since 1966 – have killed two and damaged shops, homes and churches. There are many reasons behind the rising occurrence of acqua alta (the Venetians' term for tidal floods). Climate change, as the city's mayor rightly decried, is certainly one of them; the exploitation of port areas and damage to the canals’ seabed are also factors. But Venice's inability to protect itself against the oncoming water is also a clear sign of a city with a short memory: a conversation about building a tidal barrier to protect the city began decades ago. // That project, called Mose, is still far from completion, marred by overspending and corruption scandals. Settis believes that Venice is the most obvious example of the way in which many of our cities are falling foul of greed-fuelled false progress. "If Venice dies it won't be just Venice dying," he says. "The very idea of a city will die." That's why all cities, not just Venice, need to learn the lagoon’s lesson: only by preserving its history -- and respecting its heritage -- will it be rescued now. > by Chiara Rimella.
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Wednesday, November 13 2019
Topics & News
Canada > Moncton's Weather  > at  5:00 am it is minus 6°C / 22°F, mainly  cloudy. Wind chill minus 14°C / 7°F this morning. / forecasting for this afternoon will be minus 4°C / 25°F -  overcast with some sun at midday, chance of flurries: 30%
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USA > Chicago > Brace yourself, America > The world's largest Starbucks is here > . . . people lined up at 9 o'clock on a bitterly cold Chicago morning (12 degrees Fahrenheit) this week for a sneak peek at the world's largest Starbucks, which opens Friday. On one side of the door were the faithful, the Starbucks employees and devout customers who had been given special tickets to the event. On the other were the media, who can be bribed to show up to just about anything with the promise of free food and drink and are full of self-loathing because of it. > Article + photos
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Streaming > Novemver 12, the Disney + came on line // A day after its big launch, Disney announced that Disney+ has amassed 10 million subscribers. This # seems to back up the company's claim on Tuesday that the platform crashed due to "the consumer demand" that "exceeded our high expectations." / Disney did not offer any further context such as how many came from free Verizon deals or pre-orders. What remains to be determined is: How many of those 10 million accounts will end up paying for the service beyond its seven day free trial?  >> Disney's big subscriber news led to a GREAT day on Wall Street. Its stock ended up 7%, nearing a 52-week high...
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Tuesday, November 12 2019
Topics & News
Canada > Moncton's Weather  > at  5:30 am it is 0°C / 31°F, Freezing rain mixed with ice pellets changing to rain this morning. Wind chill minus 9°C this morning. / forecasting for this afternoon will be 11°C / 52°F -  Rainfall amount 5 to 10 mm.
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Madagascar/Russia > Madagascar has little obvious strategic value for the Kremlin or the global balance of power. But Russians were there during an election, offering bribes, spreading disinformation and recruiting an apocalyptic cult leader. - Article
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USA > The Arctic winter weather is wreaking havoc in some parts of the US. About 70% of the country will experience record-breaking temperatures. Places from Chicago to parts of Tennessee are already being buried under unseasonable amounts of snow, and if you have travel plans in the areas affected, you may want to think twice. More than 1200 flights were canceled Monday at Chicago's O'Hare airport, and an America Eagle flight slid off the runway -- with no injuries -- due to icy conditions. Snow and ice will continue to create dangerous travel conditions in the Plains, Midwest and Northeast today. All of that cold air is due to hit the south today as well. If you live in places like Georgia and even Florida, a fairly seasonable start to the day could end with teeth-chattering temperatures. > Article
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Sri Lanka > Paper Made From Poop (think about it . . . ) > In Randeniya, a small village in the lower wetlands of Sri Lanka, elephant poop takes on a second life as a renewable resource: paper. It's made at the local Eco Maximus factory from a special pulp mixture: elephant dung and off-cut, which is an industry term for scraps cut from a larger piece of paper. > Article
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Monday, November 11 2019
Topics & News
Canada > Moncton's Weather  > at  8:00 am it is 2°C / 36°F, cloudy / forecasting for this afternoon will be 3°C / 37°F -  showers and flurries  ( total snowfall 3.4 cm / 1.34 inches)
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Armistice Day is commemorated every year on November 11 to mark the armistice signed between the Allies of World War I and Germany at Compiègne, France at 5:45 am, for the cessation of hostilities on the Western Front of World War I, which took effect at eleven o'clock in the morning -- the "eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month" of 1918. But, according to Thomas R. Gowenlock, an intelligence officer with the US First Division, shelling from both sides continued for the rest of the day, only ending at nightfall. The armistice initially expired after a period of 36 days and had to be extended several times. A formal peace agreement was only reached when the Treaty of Versailles was signed the following year. / The date is a national holiday in France, and was declared a national holiday in many Allied nations.
USA > Veterans Day is a federal holiday in the United States observed annually on November 11, for honoring military veterans, that is, persons who have served in the United States Armed Forces.
Canada > Remembrance Day > November 11th is a memorial day observed in Commonwealth member states since the end of the First World War to remember the members of their armed forces who have died in the line of duty.
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Space > Mercury set to pass in front of the sun > The planet will begin its roughly five-hour trek across the face of the sun at 7:35 a.m. ET. For those hoping to catch a glimpse of the rare phenomenon -- it won’t be repeated until 2032 -- viewing opportunities have been set up across Canada.
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Saturday & Sunday, November 09 and 10 2019
Topics & News
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Germany > Thirty years ago, on November 9, with a sense of momentous events palpable in Berlin's famous air, East Germans began streaming through the Berlin Wall, two-stroke East German cars putt-putted past major symbols of capitalism like the KaDeWe department store, and it appeared that the Germans were the happiest people in the world.  > Article
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Spain > Elections > Nov 10 > Almost all votes are now counted in Spain's second election this year, and the Socialist prime minister Pedro Sánchez has failed to break the parliamentary deadlock that was stopping him forming a new government. But his opponents on the right are also short of a majority.Almost all votes are now counted in Spain’s second election this year, and the Socialist prime minister Pedro Sánchez has failed to break the parliamentary deadlock that was stopping him forming a new government. But his opponents on the right are also short of a majority. > Article with charts > Article II -
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Friday, November 08 2019
Topics & News
Canada > Moncton's Weather  > at  4:00 am it is 0C / 32°F, light snow / forecasting for this afternoon will be 1°C / 34°F -  Periods of snow 
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China > Society > A tight leash > How close are you to your dog? In many cities in China you’re encouraged to keep them very close indeed. Shenzhen recently announced plans to force dog owners to keep larger pooches on leads a maximum of 50cm long. Paranoia about dog aggression has also led to more draconian measures in Hangzhou. Following two incidents in which disagreements involving dogs that were not on leads, the walking of dogs has been prohibited from 07.00 to 19.00, while law states that some breeds are not allowed in public areas. Careless owners who don't look after their pets when out and about need reprimanding but punishing the dogs for their owners' negligence? That seems barking mad.
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South Korea > Transport >  Platfarm number one > Seoul's city government has an ambitious plan to turn parts of its subway stations into smart -- and sterile -- farms. The first of these vertical green spaces has been set up in Seoul's Sangdo station, where eight types of vegetables are currently growing in floor-to-ceiling trays under pink neon lights in a 394 sq m glass facility. The space also features a children's education zone and shop selling the vegetables. Two more farms are in the works and there is the potential for more resident-friendly collaborations in the future. / The government is also welcoming workers with disabilities to manage the locations as these largely self-sufficient facilities won't be nearly as labour-intensive as traditional farms. As younger Koreans are less willing than their forebears to carry the torch for traditional agriculture, this novel approach is a good alternative. Passers-by can at least look forward to a fresh start to their morning commute.
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Spain > Elections > Spaniards will head to the polls on Sunday for their fourth general election in as many years and even the most ardent of democrats must be exhausted by the process at this point. This election could be as inconclusive as the last -- the latest opinion polls suggest that about a third of voters still don't know who is deserving of their support. As ever, a good chunk of the focus will be on how to handle Catalonia. Prime minister Pedro Sánchez has taken a tougher line on Catalan independence this time around and the recent imprisonment of several secessionist leaders has dominated the proceedings. Sánchez's ploy may help to woo supporters of both Ciudadanos and the People’s Party -- both of which reject Catalonia’s push for self-determination – but it is unlikely to heal Spain's divisions. That will only come with dialogue and that, it seems, is in short supply.
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Retail > Krispy Kreme > How much would a Krispy Kreme fan pay for a dozen doughnuts? / Minnesota college student Jayson Gonzalez discovered the answer earlier this year when he stumbled across an unexpected business opportunity: Minnesota residents who desperately wanted Krispy Kreme doughnuts despite the fact that there weren't any stores nearby. So desperate, in fact, that they were willing to pay about double the retail price for a box of a dozen. / So, Gonzalez started making weekly drives to Clive, Iowa, about four hours each way, in order to satisfy the need. He would buy around a hundred boxes (of a dozen doughnuts each) to resell on the way back. / You would think Krispy Kreme would applaud Gonzalez's spirit of entrepreneurship, not to mention the fact that they were selling an additional 1,200 donuts every week to customers outside its normal area of operation. / You would think. / Instead, Krispy Kreme contacted Gonzalez and told him to shut down. / What followed was a major lesson in entrepreneurship, listening to your customers, and emotional intelligence. > Article
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Thursday, November 07 2019
Topics & News
Canada > Moncton's Weather  > at  5:00 am it is minus 1C / 30°F, mostly cloudy / forecasting for this afternoon will be 6°C / 43°F -  Cloudy. Periods of rain beginning this afternoon. Amount 2 to 4 mm. // Alerts for Moncton and Southeast New Brunswick > A low pressure system is expected to bring rain to southern New Brunswick beginning this afternoon with snow expected over northern regions. The rain/snow boundary will likely be across central New Brunswick. Rainfall amounts of 15 to 30 millimetres are possible over southern sections with 5 to 10 centimetres of snow possible for the northern and central areas of the province by Friday morning. (total rain 5.2 mm / .049 inches // total snowfall 7.2 cm / 2.83 inches )
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Global Power Shift > Europeans look to China as global partner  > When French President Emmanuel Macron wants to take European concerns to the world stage -- climate, trade, Iran -- he no longer calls Washington. He flies to Beijing, AP's Sylvie Corbet reports from Paris. /  Why it matters: Macron's visit to China this week suggests that the U.S. risks being sidelined on the global stage. / One moment spoke volumes: Chinese President Xi Jinping sampled French wines, which the Trump administration recently slapped with heavy tariffs.
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Wednesday, November 06, 2019
Topics & News
Canada > Moncton's Weather  > at  4:00 am it is 10°C / 50°F, cloudy / forecasting for this afternoon will be 7°C / 45°F - Cloudy with 30 percent chance of showers
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Paris Climate Accord > This week, the US President made it official. He confirmed his country's plans to officially withdraw from the Paris climate accord in a year’s time -- that is, a day after the 2020 presidential election. The action was initiated on Monday, which was the first possible day to exit the accord with a one-year waiting period under rules set out by the United Nations. / "Should a Democrat win the White House, the nation could reenter the agreement after a short absence -- as numerous candidates have pledged," reported Brady Dennis. "But if Trump prevails, his reelection would probably cement the long-term withdrawal of the United States, which was a key force in helping forge the global effort under President Barack Obama."
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Libya / Russia > Russia sets its sights on Libya > About 200 Russian fighters have arrived in Libya in the last six weeks as part of a broad campaign by the Kremlin to reassert its influence across the Middle East and Africa. / After years of providing behind-the-scenes support for a would-be Libyan strongman, Moscow is now pushing much more directly to shape the outcome of the country's messy civil war, bringing in advanced Sukhoi jets, coordinated missile strikes, precision-guided artillery and skilled snipers. / It's the same playbook that made Russia the biggest foreign influence in Syria's war.
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Thailand > Suspected separatists have killed at least 15 people and injured four in southern Thailand, in one of the country's worst attacks in years. / Police officers were among those killed at the attack on a security checkpoint in Yala province./ The attackers used explosives and then scattered nails on roads in an attempt to slow down people chasing after them. / Thousands have been killed in southern Thailand since a separatist insurgency gripped the region in 2004. > BBC Article
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Tueday, November 05, 2019
Topics & News
Canada > Moncton's Weather  > at  7:00 am it is minus 5°C / 41°F, mostly  cloudy / forecasting for this afternoon will be 10°C / 50°F -  Cloudy with 60 percent chance of rain showers or flurries early this morning. (total rainfall  11.1 mm / 0.44 inches)
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Movies >  "Frozen 2" heats up on Fandango > Frank Pallotta writes: Fandango announced on Tuesday that Disney is likely about to make even more money at the box office this year. / The online ticket seller said the first day pre-sales for "Frozen 2," which went on sale Monday, have "eclipsed those for all other animated films in the company’s 19-year history." Queen Elsa doesn't mess around. / The Disney animated film opens on November 22, and songs from the Disney animated film will be getting stuck in your head on November 23...
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Business > McDonald's > The nearly $4 billion wiped off the fast-food giant’s market value Monday morning following Steve Easterbrook’s departure reflects both his accomplishments and the reason he left—a consensual affair with an employee, not a business or regulatory issue. Chris Kempczinski, who headed the U.S. business and was instrumental in developing the current strategic plan, has taken over. So it could have been worse, but shareholders certainly aren’t glad to see Mr. Easterbrook go. Owning McDonald’s stock during his tenure has been highly rewarding. / Since it was announced that he was taking over from Don Thompson, who delivered zero shareholder return over 2½ years, momentum has been strong. Initiatives like all-day breakfast and automated ordering kiosks helped send McDonald’s shares to a total return of nearly 150% since his appointment was announced in January 2015 through Friday’s close, outpacing peers such as Yum Brands and Burger King owner Restaurant Brands International, as well as rapidly growing competitors including Chipotle Mexican Grill and Shake Shack. / McDonald’s just reported its 17th consecutive quarter of global comparable sales growth. Earnings were hampered by the dollar’s strength, but they were robust on a constant-currency basis. By contrast, at the time that Mr. Easterbrook’s appointment was announced, the chain had reported a shocking fourth-quarter revenue decline and its first annual earnings drop in over a decade./ But, as with presidents and the stock market, a lot of what a McDonald’s boss experiences is a result of timing and forces beyond his control. McDonald’s now fetches 22.5 times prospective earnings compared with an average of 17.7 over the past 15 years and a bit less than that when Mr. Easterbrook took over. And while it no longer is being chastised for failing to respond to threats by nimbler competitors, McDonald’s has antagonized some franchisees through costly initiatives. More significantly, once benign macroeconomic forces are moving against it. These include rising wage pressures as U.S. unemployment hovers near a half-century low. Climbing food costs and slowing emerging market economic growth are other headwinds. // No value meal as it is, McDonald’s shares will struggle to repeat their performance even under a worthy successor to Mr. Easterbrook.
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Monday, November 04, 2019
Topics & News
Canada > Moncton's Weather  > at  5:00 am it is minus 1°C / 30°F, partly cloudy / forecasting for this afternoon will be 8°C / 46°F -  mainly sunny
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China > Tennis > Ashleigh Barty of Australia beat Elina Svitolina of Ukraine in Shenzhen, China, for her first WTA Finals title. She takes home a $4.42 million paycheck, the richest winner's prize ever in the sport. > Hilights of the game
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USA > New York City Marathon > Joyciline Jepkosgei upset fellow Kenyan Mary Keitany in her marathon debut. Geoffrey Kamworor, also of Kenya, won the men’s race. > NYC Marathon's site
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UK > The 310-year-old violin > Stephen Morris, a soloist with the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, is celebrating the recovery of the antique instrument he left on a train in London by mistake in October. An unidentified person returned it to him on Friday in a supermarket parking lot. > Article
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Sunday, November 03, 2019
Topics & News
Canada > Moncton's Weather  > at  11:00 am it is 5°C / 41°F, overcast / forecasting for this afternoon will be 7°C / 45°F -  Cloudy with 60 percent chance of showers early this afternoon then a mix of sun and cloud. (no rain / max 8.3°C / 46.9°F // Min -3.9°C / 25°F )
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Russia > Society > controling the internet > Late last week the Kremlin introduced some worrying new legislation to control internet access within Russia. The official line is that the so-called Sovereign Internet is a cybersecurity measure and – rather missing the point – that users won’t recognise the difference. In truth the new regulations will give authorities considerable power to control what people see online. “Russians shouldn’t be reassured at all,” Russia analyst Stephen Dalziel said. / “If the Kremlin had teeth it would be gnashing them over the fact that Russians can get information about what’s going on in the world via the internet and that it’s not the official view that the Kremlin approves of. The smokescreen they’re putting up is that it’s in case of an attack via the internet on Russia; it’s a good example of a Russian half-truth. The whole story is that if authorities want to cut Russia off from the rest of the world, they now have the potential to do it.”
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Saturday, November 02, 2019
Topics & News
Canada > Moncton's Weather  > at  3:00 am it is a minus 3°C / 26.6°F, overcast / forecasting for this afternoon will be 7.2°C / 45°F -  sun with some clouds
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UK > Fashion retail > This week one of the most successful US clothing start-ups to emerge in recent years is coming to the UK. Untuckit, launched in New York in 2011, (UNTUCKit in Canada) has made a small fortune by selling men’s shirts. Its sales are predicted to exceed $200m (€179m) in 2019 and it has some 75 shops across North America; it will now open two branches in London. Don’t expect to be bowled over by its fashion-forward wares though. Its shirts are designed to be worn – you guessed it – untucked, so are slightly shorter than regular models. The cuts are slim, the colours and patterns simple, the prices affordable. The fashion industry loves to talk about the next agenda-setting trend, yet Untuckit has not concerned itself with the pursuit of cool. It's a reminder of the success to be had by appealing not to fashion folk but to regular guys who just want a straightforward shirt.
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USA > Jane Fonda, 81,was arrested on Friday on Capitol Hill. She has been arrested every Friday for the past four weeks in Washington, often with a famous friend or two, for staging protests to highlight the climate crisis.
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Friday, November 01, 2019
Topics & News
Canada > Moncton's Weather  > at  10:00 am it is 19°C / 66°F, overcast - light rain / forecasting for this afternoon will be 17°C / 63°F -  Showers ending this afternoon then a mix of sun and cloud.
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Article to Read > #58 - Seth's Blog: Bread and Books > Article
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Italy > Transport > This week Turin police meted out their first fine for improper use of e-scooters in a move that’s likely to create as much chaos and confusion as the introduction of the tiresome two-wheelers themselves. Italy as a whole is trialling a scheme to let municipalities manage scooter use and in the Piedmont capital this means they must be driven on the road and bear a licence plate, while the driver needs vehicle insurance. Meanwhile, plans are afoot in Milan to banish the battery-powered bothers and keep them outside much of the city centre. The regulatory snarl-up is further complicated by the fact that the nation’s highway code hasn’t been updated for nearly 30 years. Electric scooters might be useful for solving the so-called last-mile conundrum but clearer regulation is needed in Italy and beyond.
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Canada > Ontario’s public elementary teachers have voted 98 per cent in favour of strike action, a result their union president called “historic” as he accused the Ford government of making cuts that will impact the quality of education in the province. Article
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USA > Chicago > The teachers' strike in Chicago is officially over. School will be back in session today for more than 300,000 students and 25,000 teachers after 11 days of walkouts, picket lines and tense negotiations. Chicago Public Schools and the Chicago Teachers Union reached an agreement that will ensure millions of dollars to reduce class sizes and bring more nurses and social workers onto campuses. The sides also agreed to add five days of classes to the end of the school year to make up for the time lost during the strike (the union wanted twice as many). The strike paralyzed the nation's third-largest school system and threw a huge wrench into the plans of many student athletes and high schoolers who, if the strike had gone on longer, may have missed college application deadlines.
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UK > Speaker of the House of Commons > John Bercow made good on his promise to resign from his post as speaker of the House of Commons on Oct. 31 — and with him went his memorable, antiquated vocabulary and 10 years of made-for-TV calls to order. (Remember “Be a good boy!”?) / There are nine lawmakers who hope to succeed him. An election is scheduled for Monday. // Context: The speaker does not just preside over debates, but is the ultimate arbiter of parliamentary rules. That gave Mr. Bercow huge influence at a time when the government had no majority in the House of Commons. Article
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November
It's the eleventh (and penultimate) month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars, the fourth and last of four months to have a length of 30 days and the fifth and last of five months to have a length of fewer than 31 days. 
    November was the ninth month of the calendar of Romulus c.750 BC. November retained its name (from the Latin novem meaning "nine") when January and February were added to the Roman calendar.
    November is a month of late spring in the Southern Hemisphere and late autumn in the Northern Hemisphere. Therefore, November in the Southern Hemisphere is the seasonal equivalent of May in the Northern Hemisphere and vice versa.
    In Ancient Rome, Ludi Plebeii was held from November 4–17, Epulum Jovis was held on November 13 and Brumalia celebrations began on November 24. These dates do not correspond to the modern Gregorian calendar.